Authentication of Coffeea Arabica genetics using DNA fingerprinting technology.
Bait Alal is a village in the region of Hayma Kharijiya, on the west side of Sana’a City. Perched on a mountain top, it has an altitude of 2300 metres and is home to some 300 farming families. The farmers in Bait Alal see the coffee tree as a symbol of pride and they believe that coffee originated from this area. The land has been passed down through the generations, with some of the coffee trees dating back over three hundred years.
Due to a harsh climate, the farmers face many growing difficulties, which is one of the reasons for low yields being produced. However, no matter how small the harvest is or how harsh the conditions, the farmers never abandon their coffee trees.
Bait Alal is also home to Al Ruwad, Yemen’s largest and most established specialty coffee cooperative, serving 285 families – the equivalent of around 2000 people.
Located on the west side of Sana’a City, Hayma Kharijiya is a popular region for growing coffee, with some 1,000 families growing it - mostly at an altitude of 1700-2100. Known for its mild weather and fresh air, as well as the chain of mountains known as the Navy Blue Mountains (due to the colour). The air is so clear that you can stand anywhere on the mountain and see all the regions: Bani Matar to the east, Al-Hayma Al Dakhiliyah to the north, Manakhah to the west, and Dhamar to the south. The Sana’a governorate has the biggest share of specialty coffee production, in both quality and quantity in Yemen - you will see its name on many premium coffees stemming from Yemen. It is also home to Yemen’s capital city, which has one of the longest continuous coffee cultures in the world.
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