Authentication of Coffeea Arabica genetics using DNA fingerprinting technology.
“Coffee supports me in my sadness and happiness. I will not stop growing coffee until the last day of my life”.
Ali Subaih is 65 years-old and took over his family’s farm some years ago, when his father passed away. Although he grew up helping his father on the farm, he spent 35 years in the army - but he never stopped thinking about coffee. With the support of his six sons, Ali turned his father’s farm into one of the best in the village - it’s about 250 Libna San'ani (One Libna= 44 square meters). He also grows a little grain but coffee is his main focus. As Ali says: “Coffee is the wealth of all Yemenis”.
Bait Alal is a village in the region of Hayma Kharijiya, on the west side of Sana’a City. Perched on a mountain top, it has an altitude of 2300 metres and is home to some 300 farming families. The farmers in Bait Alal see the coffee tree as a symbol of pride and they believe that coffee originated from this area. The land has been passed down through the generations, with some of the coffee trees dating back over three hundred years. Due to a harsh climate, the farmers face many growing difficulties, which is one of the reasons for low yields being produced. However, no matter how small the harvest is or how harsh the conditions, the farmers never abandon their coffee trees. Bait Alal is also home to Al Ruwad, Yemen’s largest and most established specialty coffee cooperative, serving 285 families – the equivalent of around 2000 people.
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